Type II Diabetes 101

Things YOU can do as a patient to help keep your diabetes under control. It is very important to keep your glucose “sugar” under strict control to prevent further adverse effects in the future.
Number 1: Diet control (This can also help with your weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol). Below are ways to help live a healthier lifestyle.
– It is important to think of you entire meal, which consists of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats and eat them all in moderation.
– Carbohydrates, which is considered energy for our body can cause your sugar to rise. (Main foods that are rich in carbohydrates consists of bread, pasta, rice, fruit, and foods with added sugar). It is important to limit these foods and eat them in moderation. – Increasing fiber can also help keep your sugar under control.
– Limit food high in cholesterol, which consists of red meat, egg yolk, and whole milk.
– Low sodium diet. (Also helps in reduction of blood pressure)
– Monitor alcohol – men 2 drinks/day, women 1 drink/day
* It is important to time your meals. In Diabetes (especially patients on insulin), it is important to not skip meals to risk your blood sugar dropping to low.
Number 2: Exercise
Guidelines recommend for each individual to exercise a minimum of 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week. This will help with joint pain, boost your metabolism, reduce weight, reduce stress, and help keep a healthy heart.
Number 3: Medication
– Depending on the severity of your Diabetes, your doctor will place you on certain medication. It is important to be compliant and using your medication daily as prescribed.
Number 4: Keeping a sugar log
– With Diabetes, we recommend to keep a daily glucose log. This will help determine if your Diabetes is well controlled on your medication.
– Fasting glucose values ideally below 120
– After eating a meal, ideally glucose below 180.
– If your glucose rises >300, please contact your doctor.
* Even though you may not experience symptoms from your diabetes, such as increase in thirst, blurry vision, and needing to urinate frequently, it is important to stay controlled. If your Diabetes is not at goal, it will place you at a higher risk for heart attacks, strokes, kidney disease, numbness in your feet/hands, vision disturbances, and the risk to have a body part amputated.
Take an active stand in your health and beat diabetes!